In my previous post, I have written about e-sahyog, an online facility provided by the Income Tax department for resolving mismatches with respect to Income Tax Returns.
A mismatch can happen if the data values provided by you in your Income Tax Returns do not match with the third party information on your income / investments / expenses. These third parties are banks, mutual funds, service tax department, sub-registrar of properties etc.,
In this post let us understand;
How the Income Tax department receives this information? Who provides this information to the IT department? What are the incomes that are reported to the IT department? What is the list of high value financial transactions that are reported to the department? How to check if your high value financial transaction(s) are reported to Tax department?
List of High Value Financial Transactions reported to Income Tax Dept
The below expenses / investments are reported to the IT department. If there is a mismatch between your declared income in ITR and your investment / expenditure, you may get an Income Tax Notice. So, keep a track of the below high value financial transactions;
- If cash aggregating to Rs 10 Lakh p.a. is deposited in your Bank Savings Account.
- If you make Credit Card payments of more than Rs 2 Lakh p.a.
- If you buy mutual fund units worth more than Rs 2 Lakh.
- If you invest more than Rs 5 Lakh in Debentures or Bonds issued by any company.
- If you buy shares worth more than Rs 1 Lakh.
- If you invest more than Rs 1 Lakh in Gold ETFs.
- If you buy or sell an immovable property worth more than Rs 30 Lakh.
- If you invest Rs 5 Lakh or more in RBI bonds in a year.
List of High Value Financial Transactions reported to Income Tax Dept (with effective from 1st April, 2016)
With an aim to curb black money mess and to track high value cash transactions, the government has decided to implement new reporting guidelines w.e.f 1st April, 2016. As per the govt’s notification, all goods & services providers have to report to the IT department about high value cash transactions & cash receipts.
Under the new norms, cash receipts, purchase of shares, mutual funds, immovable property, term deposits, sale of foreign currency will have to be reported to the tax authorities in a prescribed format, which is Form 61A.
- Immovable Property : The Registrar of properties will have to report purchase & sale of all immovable property exceeding Rs 30 Lakh to the Income Tax authorities.
- Professionals : The Professionals will be required to inform the tax department of receipt of cash payment exceeding Rs 2 lakh for sale of any goods or services.
- Cash Deposits in Banks : Banks will have to report cash deposits aggregating Rs 10 lakh or more in a financial year in one or more accounts of a person.
- Term Deposits in Banks : Banks will have to report cash deposits aggregating Rs 10 lakh or more in a financial year in one or more Time Deposit accounts of a person. These norms will also cover deposits and withdrawal made in Post Office Account.
- Deposits in Current Accounts : Cash deposits or withdrawals aggregating to Rs 50 lakh or more in a financial year in one or more Current Account of a person will have to be reported by the bank to the I-T authorities.
- Any cash payment of Rs 10 lakh or more in a financial year for purchase of bank drafts or pre-paid instrument issued by RBI will also be reported.
- Investments in Financial Securities : A company has to report receipt of Rs 10 lakh or more from a person/an investor in a financial year for acquiring bonds, debentures, shares or mutual funds.
In addition to the above list, quoting your PAN is now mandatory for many financial transactions. Based on this data also the IT department can track your financial transactions.
List of Third parties who report High value Financial Transactions
- Banks – They report High Value transactions related to deposits credit card payments.
- Mutual Fund Companies
- Companies issuing bonds or debentures
- Companies issuing shares
- Sub-Registrar offices on real-estate deals.
How do third parties report?
To keep a watch on high-value transactions by tax payers, the I-T department has developed a statement of financial transactions called Annual Information Return (AIR). On its basis, tax authorities will collect information on suspected high value transactions during a year.
(What is AIR ? – Annual Information Return (AIR) of ‘high value financial transactions’ is required to be furnished under section 285 BA of the Income-tax Act, 1961 by ‘specified persons’ in respect of ‘specified transactions’ registered or recorded by them during the financial year.)
Also, it is mandatory that all the specified entities (third parties) to furnish an AIR in respect of specified financial transactions registered or recorded by them during the Financial Year.
All the above third party establishments have your PAN details and they quote PAN details of all the high value financial transactions recorded by them in AIR. They submit AIR to the income tax authority.
In which report can I trace the High Value Financial Transactions?
You can check your Form 26AS under AIR section if any investment or expense has been categorized as a high value transaction. You can find high value financial transaction details under PART-E of your Form 26AS. Click here to access your Form 26AS.
For example – In the below image you can find that Just Dial company has filed AIR with the IT department indicating that the concerned Tax Assessee has purchased their equity shares worth more than Rs 1 Lakh during the Financial Year.
(Form-26AS gives you all the details of Tax credits. It is a form which indicates that the tax that has been deducted and has also been deposited with the Govt.) (Pic Courtesy – apnaplan.com)
How to respond to the notices related to Non-Pan Transactions online?
In case if the Tax department finds discrepancies related to your high value transactions Vs your income tax return (or) if you have not quoted your PAN where it is required then they can issue non-PAN transaction related notices to you.
The notice contains details of the high value transaction and requests you to disclose if you own such transactions. The notice contains unique Transaction Sequence number (TSN) based on which you can respond to the non-PAN transaction notice online, on e-filing web-portal.
Below points give you information on ‘how to check non-pan transaction related notice and how to reply to such notices online’;
- Visit and login to e-filing portal.
- Click on ‘Compliance’ menu option.
- Click on ‘Non-PAN transaction’ option.
- Key in your TSN (Transaction sequence number) in the ‘text box’ and click on ‘search’. You can view the details related to your high-value non-pan transactions.
- Click on ‘submit to view further details’ button.
- Based on the type of your transaction, you can find few options to choose from. For example, if the non-pan transaction is related to say mutual fund transactions then you can find options as below;
- Purchase of Mutual Fund is out of sources disclosed in the Income Tax Return.
- Part of the purchase of Mutual Fund is out of sources disclosed in the Income Tax Return.
- No such transaction was conducted.
- Want to avail the benefit of Income Disclosure Scheme, 2016.
- More time needed to submit response.
- You have to select one of the listed options and click on ‘submit’ button.
- You can view your response(s) by visiting ‘view response to non-pan transactions’ link under ‘Compliance’ menu option. You also have the option to revise your response.
How to reply to the notices related to High Value Cash Transactions online?
If substantial high value Cash transactions have been done in your Bank accounts, the IT dept may issue Compliance notice to you. You can respond to this notice online as below;
- Visit and login to e-filing portal.
- Click on ‘Compliance’ menu option.
- Click on ‘Accounts with Cash Transactions.
- The list of Bank Accounts with substantial Cash Transactions as communicated to you in the notice will get displayed on the screen. (Financial year – Bank Name – Account number – Response, will be displayed)
- You can click on ‘Submit’ button to provide your response.
- You have to select any one of the following options while submitting the response;
- Transactions in the account are considered in IT Return.
- Transactions in the account are considered in IT Return of another Account holder (joint-account).
- Transactions in the account are not considered in IT Return.
- Transactions in the account are partly considered in IT Return.
- Transactions in the account are not taxable or exempt (ex- Agricultural income)
- No relation with the Account.
- You also have the option to ‘revise’ your response after submitting it (if required).
How to avoid receiving Income Tax notices on High Value Financial Transactions?
According to the Income Tax Authorities, transactions worth around Rs 12,000 crore form part of the Suspicious Transaction Report (STR) 2014-15, which is under probe.
It is often observed that many tax Assessees try to avoid showing their sources of income or tend to show less income in ITR to reduce their income tax liability. But, they do not know the fact that the IT dept might have complete knowledge about their financial transactions.
Therefore, it is better to declare all your sources of income and investments properly while filing your income tax return. Else, it may lead to adverse consequences.
Below are few tips to avoid getting tax notices on high value financial transactions;
- It is always better to file your ITR before the due date.
- Cross check all the TDS entries in your From 26AS. You may repeat this exercise once in a quarter.
- Check your Form 26AS if any transactions are reported under AIR section.
- Keep your PAN details up to date.
- Disclose the entire and correct income earned by you during the FY in your ITR.
- Keep a record of all your high value Financial transactions, investments & expenses.
(Image courtesy of Ppiboon at FreeDigitalPhotos.net)