How to check if a Company can collect Deposits from the Public? (Company FD Schemes)

In India, Fixed Deposits or any kind of Schemes where an investor gets fixed rate of interest become an instant hit. Small time investors get attracted to high interest rates offered by the Companies/Entities and invest their hard-earned money in Deposits Schemes (Collective Investment Schemes).

In recent years, investors have started taking a hard look at Company Fixed Deposits. The Company FDs are similar to Bank FDs. The interest rates offered on Bank time deposits have bottomed out and this is making many retail investors to look out for better alternatives to Bank deposits.

(What are these Corporate Deposits? – The deposits placed by investors with companies for a fixed term carrying a prescribed rate of interest is called Company Fixed Deposit. Financial institutions and Non-Banking Finance Companies(NBFCs) accept such deposits)

Some of these Deposit Schemes offered by the Corporates are genuine and whereas some entities collect monies from the public without getting the necessary approvals from the Regulators.

Examples :

  • Unitech raised Rs 600 Crore in Fixed Deposits without having a license or permission from the RBI.

Unitech Public Deposit Scheme Fraud Collective Investment Scheme pic

  • Agri Gold collected around Rs 7,000 crore as deposits from investors. They carried on their business operations without permission from RBI and SEBI.Agrigold Public Deposits scheme fraud pic

So, how to find out if a Company or Corporate has got the approvals from the Regulators (RBI/NHB) to raise deposits from the Public? Let’s discuss….

How to check if a Company can raise Deposits from the public? (Company FD Schemes)

If you are an investor who can take a little bit of risk to get better interest rate than the rates offered by Banks/Post office, you can consider Company FD Schemes as one of your fixed income alternatives.

The Public Deposit Schemes are primarily offered by NBFCs (Non-Banking Finance Companies) and Housing Finance Companies (HFCs) like ;

  • NBFCs
    • Bajaj Finance
    • Fullerton India
    • Mahindra & Mahindra Financial Services
    • Muthoot Capital Services
    • Shriram City Union
    • Shriram Transport Finance
    • Sundaram Finance
    • Tamilnadu Power Finance & Infra Development Cor. etc.,
  • HFCs
    • DHFL
    • HUDCO
    • HDFC
    • LIC HFL
    • PNB Housing Finance etc.,

(Kindly note that Chit Fund Entities can not collect Public Deposits.)

I am sure, most of the FD investors compare the Deposit Schemes offered by NBFCs/HFCs based on the interest rates, credit rating, brand name, additional interest rate offered to Senior Citizens and so on…

If you notice any Deposit Scheme Advertisement given by a Corporate Entity, kindly do not get excited looking at the high interest rate. ‘Interest rate alone should not be the sole criteria to make an investment decision’.

Before analyzing the Scheme features, the most important CHECK that you need to do is – whether the such Corporate Entity can raise Public Deposits at all?eligible Company FD Schemes unapproved entities list

Ho to check it online? Let’s discuss…..

  • Kindly Visit RBI’s Sachet Portal.
  • Navigate to ‘Registered Entities’ section.
  • Let’s say you would like to invest in a Fixed Deposit Scheme offered by Mahindra & Mahindra Financial Services LTD.
  • As your shortlisted entity is an NBFC, click on ‘RBI’ link. You will be redirected to RBI’s site.Sachet RBI online portal to file complaints against fraud companies public deposits scams pic
  • Click on ‘List of NBFCs holding CoR for accepting Public Deposits’ to download the list in excel / PDF format.List of NBFCs accepting Public Deposits 2018 - 2019 pic
  • You can notice that M&M Fin Services is holding CoR (Certificate of Registration) to accept Deposits from the Public.Mahindra & Mahindra Finance Fixed Deposit scheme 2018 pic
  • As on June 2018, there are around 130 NBFCs that hold Certificate of Registration (CoR) to accept Public Deposits.

In case if you are planning to invest in a deposit scheme offered by a Housing Finance Company then you have to click on ‘NHB’ under the ‘Registered Entities’ section. You will be redirected to ‘National Housing Bank’ portal. You can check if the concerned entity has an approval to accept the public deposits or not.

  • Kindly Visit RBI’s Sachet Portal.
  • Navigate to ‘Registered Entities’ section.
  • Click on NHB Link.RBI Sachet portal NHB registered entities pic
  • Click on ‘Companies granted CoR with permission to accept Public Deposits’.Housing Finance Companies granted Certificate of Registration (COR) with permission to accept Public Deposits
  • You can view the list of HFCs that are granted permission to offer Company FD Schemes.List of HFCs granted permission to collect public deposits DHFL HDFC LIC HFL PNB Sundaram
  • Currently, there are around 18 HFCs that hold Certificate of Registration (CoR) to accept Public Deposits.

A word of advice : Do not invest in a company FD scheme which offers unusually high rates of interest. Avoid FD schemes offered by companies which you are not aware of. Do not invest in FD schemes which do not have credit ratings.

So, kindly do your home-work thoroughly before you opt to invest in a Company Fixed (Public) Deposit Scheme.

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(Image courtesy of iosphere at (Post first published on : 31-August-2018)

  • Freddie says:

    Great article! Thank you! I was planning to invest in Future Enterprises Ltd. (FEL) that offered 9.1%pa+ interest rates and found out that they are not listed on RBI’s ‘List of NBFCs holding CoR for accepting Public Deposits (As on October 31, 2019)’!!

  • Balan T V says:

    Your information may help us to take suitable investment decision. Thanks

  • Online Jankari Hindi says:

    nice post sir its very helpfull

  • Amit says:

    Very best wishes for you always as you are doing a great job
    Sir i want to ask weather SBI SMART PRIVILEDGE plan is better then mutual funds for investing

  • Hii, Nice post such a valuable information thanks for that such valuable information keep up the good word.

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